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The Commemorative
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The Commemorative Quarter for Michigan

The 2000 Census showed that Houghton County had a population of 36,016 people. This represented 0.36% of the total population of Michigan, making it the state's 45th most populous county (out of 83 counties).

From the Census Estimates for 2009<1>, Houghton had a population of 35,333 people. This is a decrease of 1.9% since the 2000 Census.

The following table shows the recent changes in population. Other than 2000, the population counts have been estimated by the Census Bureau.

Since 2000
Year-to-Year Change
201036,628+1.7%+3.67% since 2009
200835,321-1.93%+1.08% since 2007
200734,945-2.97%-0.1% since 2006
200634,979-2.88%-1.45% since 2005
200535,494-1.45%-0.34% since 2004
200435,616-1.11%+0.68% since 2003
200335,374-1.78%-0.76% since 2002
200235,646-1.03%+0.26% since 2001
200135,553-1.29%-1.29% since 2000
200036,016The Last Census

Houghton County had 17,748 Housing Units<2> at the time of the 2000 Census.

The 2000 Census shows that Houghton County has a total area<3> of 1,501 square miles [3,889 km²]. Of this total, 1,011 square miles [2,620 km²] of the area is land, with the balance (32.62%) being water (489.8 square miles [1,268 km²]).

Using the above population and land area values, Houghton County had a population density of 35.6 people per square mile [13.74 people/km²], making it the state's 62nd most densely populated county (out of 83 counties).

US Census QuickFacts

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information that are called QuickFacts. A QuickFact that is specific to Houghton County is available. The QuickFact also contains a comparison between Houghton and the state of Michigan.

Click here for the Houghton County QuickFact (QF-26061).

Below are some of the communities that are located in Houghton County:

(2009 Est)
(2000 Census)
Change in

Below are the counties that adjoin and form the boundaries of Houghton County. A link to their specific Census QuickFact has been provided.

(2009 Est.)
(2000 Census)
Change in
BaragaQF-26013   SE8,6048,746-1.62%
IronQF-26071   S11,63313,138-11.46%
KeweenawQF-26083   NE2,3052,3010.17%
OntonagonQF-26131   SW6,5697,818-15.98%
Ashland (WI)QF-55003   SW16,18116,866-4.06%

Lake Superior lies to the north and Whitefish Bay to the east.

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U.S. Census Bureau
Census QuickFact for Houghton County

Footnotes ...

<1>On a yearly basis, the US Census Bureau creates an estimate of the county's population. Keep in mind that this is an estimate and not an actual count. The last physical count was the 2000 Census and the next count will be for the 2010 Census.

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<2>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

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<3>The area value has been supplied by the US Census Bureau and it can be different than the geographic boundaries of Houghton. The value given by the Census Bureau reflects their statistical (or sampling) requirements.

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<4>All Quarter-dollar coin images from the United States Mint.

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