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 The location of Dover-Foxcroft 

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(within Piscataquis County, State of Maine)

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Census Data for Dover-Foxcroft ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2012 and it gives Dover-Foxcroft a population of 4,135 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Dover-Foxcroft a population of 4,213 people.

The community of Dover-Foxcroft is located in Piscataquis County. The 2010 Census gave Piscataquis County a population of 17,535 people. This means that Dover-Foxcroft had 24.03% of the county's total population, making it Piscataquis' most populous community.

At the same time, Maine had a population of 1,328,361 people, meaning that Dover-Foxcroft had 0.32% of the total population of Maine - making it the state's 82nd most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Dover-Foxcroft, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.

Things like the population, area and housing for Dover-Foxcroft reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Dover-Foxcroft might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Dover-Foxcroft has a total area of 71.2 square miles [184.4 km²]. Of this total, 67.8 square miles [175.6 km²] is land, with the balance (4.74%) being water (3.37 square miles [8.7 km²]).

Piscataquis County has a land area of 3,960 square miles [10,258.6 km²]. At 67.8 square miles [175.6 km²], Dover-Foxcroft has 1.71% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   45°11'10" N   (or 45.19° N)

Lon:   -69°13'12" W   (or -69.22° W)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (4,213 people) and land area (67.8 square miles [175.6 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Dover-Foxcroft had a population density of 59.2 people per square mile [22.85 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Dover-Foxcroft had a population of 4,211 people and a land area of 68.2 square miles [176.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 59.1 people per square mile [22.83 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Dover-Foxcroft. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Dover-Foxcroft had 2,459 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 4,213 people, this averages 1.71 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Dover-Foxcroft had a land area of 67.8 square miles [175.6 km²]. This translates to 34.55 Housing Units per square mile [13.34 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Dover-Foxcroft had 2,200 Housing Units, a population of 4,211 people and a land area of 68.2 square miles [176.7 km²]. This gives a density of 1.91 people per Housing Unit and 30.89 Housing Units per square mile [11.93 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Dover-Foxcroft and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Piscataquis County ...

Dover-Foxcroft is located in Piscataquis County and is the County Seat for Piscataquis County.

The county had a population of 17,535 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 4,213 people, Dover-Foxcroft represented 24.03% of the county's total.

In addition, where the community of Dover-Foxcroft has a population density of 59.2 people per square mile [22.85 people/km²], Piscataquis County averages 4.43 people per square mile [1.71 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Piscataquis County.

Population Rings for Dover-Foxcroft ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Dover-Foxcroft and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Dover-Foxcroft. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

RadiusNo of
Since 2010
5 mi [8 km]14,135-1.85%
10 mi [16 km]89,947-1.49%
15 mi [24 km]1822,101-1.22%
20 mi [32 km]3033,543-0.9%
25 mi [40 km]4154,785-0.61%
30 mi [48 km]5474,855-0.3%

US Census QuickFacts ...

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information called QuickFacts. Unfortunately, the Census Bureau has not created a QuickFact that is specific to Dover-Foxcroft.

A Census QuickFact is available for Piscataquis County (QF-23021).

Below are QuickFacts for the counties that border Piscataquis County.

2012 Est.
Since 2010
AroostookQF-2300370,868-1.39%   NE  
PenobscotQF-23019153,746-0.11%   SE  
SomersetQF-2302551,910-0.61%   SW  

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Dover-Foxcroft, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Dover-Foxcroft. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Dover-Foxcroft was 71.2 square miles [184.4 km²]. Of this total, 67.8 square miles [175.6 km²] is land, with the balance (4.74%) being water (3.37 square miles [8.7 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 71.2 square miles [184.5 km²]. Of this total, 68.2 square miles [176.7 km²] is land, with the balance (4.19%) being water (2.98 square miles [7.7 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Dover-Foxcroft, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Dover-Foxcroft.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   45.178025°   (or 45°10'40" N)

Lon:   -69.192696°   (or -69°11'33" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   45.186196°   (or 45°11'10" N)

Lon:   -69.220182°   (or -69°13'12" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 7,665 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#582445) to Dover-Foxcroft. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Dover-Foxcroft. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   45.183388°   (or 45°11'0" N)

Lon:   -69.226989°   (or -69°13'37" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 9,027 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Dover-Foxcroft. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Dover-Foxcroft.

Miscellaneous Information for Dover-Foxcroft ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Piscataquis County or the community of Dover-Foxcroft:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Dover-Foxcroft:

GNIS ID for Dover-Foxcroft: 582445

GNIS ID for Piscataquis County: 581296

GNIS ID for Maine: 1779787

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 23 (Maine)

County Code: 021 (Piscataquis County)

Place Code: 18230 (Dover-Foxcroft)

State & County Code: 23/021 (Maine / Piscataquis County)

State & Place Code: 23/18230 (Maine / Dover-Foxcroft)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Dover-Foxcroft is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like Dover-Foxcroft, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Dover-Foxcroft. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Dover-Foxcroft: 04426<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Dover-Foxcroft.

Other Roadside Stops ...

About Maine

About Piscataquis County

Search for a Community located in Maine

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website for Dover-Foxcroft

The Panormaio photo collection contain pictures for the area around Dover-Foxcroft:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2012.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 247 degrees.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 257 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Dover-Foxcroft or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Dover-Foxcroft.


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This page was last modified: 17 Jun 2014
By John Hall